Suddenly, what do you have read the dissertation? In the spread of the Internet, the paper is introduced from Twitter to YouTube, and there may be more people who feel familiar with a familiar existence.

For example, in the topic of “games, whether it is harmful or not, it is possible to see a lot of scientific papers. In the past, GAME * SPARK has addressed these, “A study focusing on the relationship between academic ability and game” and “Oxford University’s Game Paper”.

In addition, we introduce the latest research results, “Apex Legends” & “Outriders” play time, and “Outriders”, and “No more noticeable relevance for player aggression”. Game regulatory theory is expanded in Japan and abroad, and as a gamer, these may be news of interest. However, the source Paper itself “Reading up to 10 from 10” is not a lot unexpectedly?

Therefore, in this article, Dr. Jennifer Rough written by Dr. Jenifer Rough, we will introduce you to the recommendation of the “Guide for non-scientists” (+ practice by the same doctor) with the concept.

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# About Dr. Jennifer Rough and Guide

Dr. Jennifer Rough is an Associate Professor of the University of Kansas University. He is the chairman of the American Genetics (AAAG) in the past, and this year, it can be said to be one of the students who lead human genetics, such as publishing the Best Selling Book “Origin” of New York Times. Such a blog posted in 2013 “How to read the scientific dissertation: Guide for non-scientists”, “I would like to believe in my doctor from Google’s search results” at that time, Some community echoes were written.

This guide is intended for people who do not have specialized knowledge to help general people wear scientific literacy. Unlike reading blogs and news, you need to read scientific papers, but you need “patent and practice”, but let’s do our best because “If you have experience you can read it more quickly”.

1. Advice before reading

Dr. Rough is first recommended to look at the author and its belonging institution. Especially those who first published the name are involved in most of the research, and the last listed is that the target supervisor is high. Also, depending on the organization of her belonging, there is also a possibility that a bias may be biased, such as there is a “history that claims a specific position”.

In addition, Dr. Rough is better if you should be careful about the journal (journal) published by that paper. The doctor recommends that you look for a dissertation with reference to an index such as a web of Science, while paying a letter of money to pay for the publication of a formal dissertation.

Also, in the guide, if you have a word that can not be understood while reading a dissertation, it should be written down. This is a troublesome task, but it is noted that “I can not understand the paper if I do not know the meaning of the word.”

2. Let’s start reading from “Introduction”, not “Abstract”

Most research papers have “Overview”, “Introduction”, “Methods”, “Results”, and “Consciousness / Interpretation / Consideration”. Among these, “Overview” has a translation over the entire paper, and there are many common people who read only this part and try to expand scientific discussions. However, this part has a concern that the author’s interpretation has a bias, and it is recommended to read “last” to deeply understand the paper.

※ I’m addicted: About the composition of the article

Articles are mainly the “outline”, “Introduction”, which is the entire translation, and the “Method”, which has been adopted, and the research results are summarized by the It consists of five types of sections: “conclusions / interpretation / consideration” which presents the results by the author and the future challenges. “ * Concept of the writer:” Overview of the dissertation “about acts

In addition, the act of “talking only with the outline of the dissertation” mentioned by Dr. Dr. is a problem that is seen in Japan and SNS. As stated at the beginning, we need “patent and practice” to read the entire paper, so there may be aspects that do not match in a busy modern society. However, in an overview, from the convenience of the number of characters, etc., there are many information such as “the task of research” and “research method”, and if these are skipped, a deep understanding of the paper can not be obtained Will be considered.

Behind this act is spreading, there are also factors that have more papers and content other than an overview. However, depending on your organization, you may be able to separate press releases separately for general and press institutions, so you should check. When you see the media that has taken the dissertation, it may be good to pay attention to the point that “not only the outline is the source”. “

3. Let’s identify rough agendas (questions)

According to Dr. Dr. Rough, “This paper is not written about what is written about what is written about what is written” and it seems to focus on “Something to be able to elucidate this (research) field. This makes it possible to look at the evidence presented and presented for the reason for being conducted.

# 4. Let’s summarize the background (introduction) within 5 lines

As a next step identifying a rough agenda, “how researchers have worked on the agenda” briefly, Dr. Dr. Dr. Help is a help of the dissertation. He said, “What kind of research has been done so far” “What was the challenge of the previous research” and you can think about the context of research that is featured in the paper.

5. Let’s identify specific agendas

Here Dr. Dr. Dr. has advocated to identify the “specific agenda of the paper”. He places the main focus on “what the author is about to prove in its research” and verifies that the null hypothesis (temporary hand to determine if a hypothesis is correct) is revealed. It was important to be important.

6. Approve approach

For the specific agenda that has been found earlier, it is necessary to identify the approach to what the author is about to answer.

※ Please note the supplement:” Introduction “